Alcohol makes you drunk because it is a central nervous system depressant, meaning it slows down the functions of the brain and body. When you drink alcohol, it is absorbed into the bloodstream and travels to the brain, where it interferes with communication between nerve cells, leading to impaired judgment, coordination, and motor skills. This is why people who drink too much alcohol may experience symptoms such as slurred speech, unsteadiness, and loss of inhibitions.
As for the benefits of drinking, moderate alcohol consumption has been associated with several health benefits, including:
- Heart health: Moderate alcohol consumption, particularly wine, has been linked to a reduced risk of heart disease and stroke.
- Improved cognitive function: Studies have shown that moderate alcohol consumption can improve cognitive function in older adults.
- Reduced risk of certain types of cancer: Moderate alcohol consumption has been linked to a reduced risk of certain types of cancer, such as colon and breast cancer.
- Improved social connections: Drinking alcohol can help to facilitate social connections and improve mental well-being by reducing stress and promoting relaxation.
It’s important to note that these benefits only apply to moderate alcohol consumption, which is defined as up to one drink per day for women and up to two drinks per day for men. Drinking more than this can have negative health consequences and increase the risk of alcohol-related problems, such as liver disease and addiction.